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043-2-47734-4 SCB มูลนิธิกองทุนไทย (Thai Fund Foundation)

Enhanced Capacities for Migrant Advocacy (ECMA) Project


Organization : ADRA Thailand
Type : Nonprofits / องค์กรไม่แสวงหาผลกำไร
Date : 8 Mar 2018
View : 2134

Deadline : 31 / January / 2018

erm of Reference for Middle Term Evaluation

Terms of Reference for

Legal Training for Legal Service Providers

And Legal  Case  Documentation


1.            Executive Summary


Request from:

ADRA Thailand

Type of Program:

Migrant Right Advocacy         

Type of Consultancy

Short-term consultancy

Agreement Symbol


Funding Source

The European Union

Project title:

Enhanced Capacities for Migrant Advocacy (ECMA) Project

Project duration:

36 months

Overall Project Objective:

To strengthen and empower marginalized and vulnerable migrant workers in Mae Sot, Thailand.

Specific Project Objectives:

Strengthened capacity of local CSOs (Thai and Migrant Worker led) to effectively advocate for improvements in labor/human rights and working/living conditions for vulnerable migrant workers in Mae Sot.

Objective of the Consultancy:

The main objective of this consultancy is to build capacity for ECMA CSO partners and legal service providers in Mae Sod in dealing with complicated legal case work that involved a large number of migrant workers in a factory setting.  The documentation produced through this consultancy is envisaged to be used as a case study or a reference for similar casework in the future.

Approach of the Consultancy

Group legal consultation, coaching, training, and documentation.

Period of Work:

February - July 2018

Expected completion date: (Legal Case Documentation)

Mid-July 2018



Background to the Project


In January 2016, ADRA Thailand started a 36-month project entitled ‘Enhanced Capacities for Migrant Advocacy’ (ECMA) funded by the European Union, which targets 3,750 migrant factory workers in Mae Sot, Thailand. The project aims to strengthen and empower marginalized and vulnerable migrant workers in Mae Sot, Thailand. 

Thailand’s rapid economic growth in the past few decades has created a high demand for low-skilled and low-cost labour, attracting a large number of migrant workers from Thailand’s three neighbouring countries, namely Myanmar, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Cambodia, to fill the labour shortage gap. An estimated 3 million migrant workers from these three countries hold either regular or irregular status in Thailand[1]. As located in a bordering province, Tak, Mae Sot, has eventually become a transit and destination for Myanmar migrants because of its high concentration of factories. According to statistics from the Tak Provincial Office, there were 27,059 Myanmar migrant workers registered at the Mae Sot District’s One Stop Service Centre during the migrant registration process in 2015.  Migrant workers are employed in factories in textiles, garments, food processing and ceramics.  The majority of migrant workers are from Myanmar, with Burmese representing the largest ethnic group, along with other ethnic groups such as Karen, Mon and Arakanese.

The major problems facing Burmese migrant workers include: i) a lack of awareness about their rights due to language barriers and accessibility to information. An additional problem is the limited human resources of the local Labour Protection and Welfare Office compared to the large migrant population within the area; ii) factory owners do not follow Thai Labour Law by registering their factories, leading migrant workers to become vulnerable in terms of working in unsafe, unhygienic conditions; iii) major health concerns of migrant workers included skeletal or muscular illnesses due to heavy workloads and poor occupational health and safety standards; iv) lack of capacity of CSOs to engage in the dialogue process, at national level - little effective coordination, limited resources and travel restrictions, which are among major factors that limit the ability of CSOs to engage directly and actively in policy advocacy dialogue; and v) poor living and unhealthy conditions, as migrants are often housed in overcrowded accommodation with inadequate facilities; some factories restrict their workers to the factory premises giving them no opportunity to find other accommodation.

It is envisaged that these identified problems will be tackled through the “Enhanced Capacities for Migrant Advocacy” project. The stated objective will be achieved by three expected results described below:

  1. Improved awareness of and adherence to labour law in factories employing migrant workers.
  2. Strengthen and develop the capacity of eight (8) CSO to engage in policy dialogue platforms in INGOs, private sector and government.
  3. Enhanced collaboration between CSO’s and government stakeholders to bring about the improvement of health and safety conditions for migrant workers.


Key Tasks of the Lead Consultant or Consulting Team


The individual consultant or the consulting team will undertake the following activities in order to provide legal consultation and produce documentation:



Timeframe of the Consultancy


A total of 22 payable working days is planned for this consultancy:



The ECMA project team in Mae Sot will facilitate the planning of the input sessions and workshop.



Products Expected from the Consultancy


The consultant and team will provide ADRA with a comprehensive draft case documentation report for review and comments before the report is finalized.  The report will include:            




Background of the Consultant



Submission of Application



[1] Thailand Migration Report 2014, International Organization for Migration (IOM).

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